The hagiographic details is a subject of dispute, with modern scholarship questioning the details and authenticity of many claims. He was born on 15 April 1469 into a Hindu family in a largely Muslim area of Punjab, India. […] This literature was highly treasured by many Jewish enthusiasts, in... […] Judea and the Therapeutae in Egypt, were said to have a “secret”... […] (طهارة, ṭaharah) is an essential aspect of Islam. He visited head centers of all religions and had discourses with head priests of various sects of Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, Parsees, and Muslims. According to such scholars, there are good reasons to doubt the claim that the author was a close companion of Guru Nanak and accompanied him on many of his travels. During first quarter of the 16th century, Nanak went on long udasiya (‘journeys’) for spiritual pursuits. Such embellishments and insertion of new stories, according to Callewaert and Snell (1993), closely parallel claims of miracles by Islamic pirs found in Sufi tadhkirahs of the same era, giving reason to believe that these legends may have been written in a competition. The Spiritual Life © 2020. Guru Nanak © Guru Nanak (1469-1539) was one of the greatest religious innovators of all time and the founder of the Sikh religion. These include the Puratan (‘traditional’ or ‘ancient’) janamsakhi, Miharban janamsakhi, Gyan-ratanavali by Bhai Mani Singh, and the Vilayat Vali janamsakhi. Some modern accounts state that he visited Tibet, most of South Asia, and Arabia, starting in 1496 at age 27, when he left his family for a thirty-year period. In 1508, Nanak visited the Sylhet region in Bengal. Other direct and indirect borrowings in the Sikh janamsakhis relating to legends around Guru Nanak’s journeys are from Hindu epics and puranas, and Buddhist Jataka stories. However, this janamsakhi was written by Handalis—a sect of Sikhs who followed a Sikh-convert known as Handal—attempting to depict the founder as superior to Nanak According to a superstition prevailing in contemporary northern India, a child born in the Kartik month was believed to be weak and unlucky, hence why the work states that Nanak was born in that month. “There is but One God. A verse authored by him states that he visited several places in “nau-khand” (‘the nine regions of the earth’), presumably the major Hindu and Muslim pilgrimage centres. As estimated by researchers and experts, Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born on 15th April 1469. Nanak’s parents, including father Kalyan Chand Das Bedi (commonly shortened to Mehta Kalu) and mother Mata Tripta, were both Hindu Khatris and employed as merchants. All Rights Reserved. At this age Hindu boys of his caste would start to wear the sacred thread to distinguish them. He was born in the Punjab, which has been the home of the Sikh faith ever since. But Nanak was deeply religious from his early life. In 1475, she married and moved to Sultanpur. These claims include Nanak’s visit to Mount Sumeru of Indian mythology, as well as Mecca, Baghdad, Achal Batala, and Multan, where he would debate religious ideas with opposing groups. According to Sikh traditions, the birth and early years of Nanak’s life were marked with many events that demonstrated that Nanak had been blessed with divine grace. In as late as 1815, during the reign of Ranjit Singh, the festival commemorating Nanak’s birthday was held in April at the place of his birth, known by then as Nankana Sahib. The earliest record of such a celebration in Nanakana Sahib is from 1868 CE. His birth is celebrated worldwide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Katak Pooranmashi (‘full-moon of the Katak’), i.e. As such, it is said that Bhai Mani Singh wrote his story with the express intention of correcting heretical accounts of Guru Nanak . His name is Truth; He is the Creator. In Sikhism, the term revelation, as Cole and Sambhi clarify, is not limited to the teachings of Nanak. Quotations by Guru Nanak, Philosopher, Born April 15, 1469. Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism was one of the great exponents of Bhakti Cult. As a young man, Nanak married Sulakhani, daughter of Mūl Chand (aka Mula) and Chando Raṇi. Nanak continued to demonstrate a radical spiritual streak - arguing with local holy men and sages, both Hindu and Muslim, that external things like pilgrimages, penances, and poverty were of far less spiritual importance than internal changes to the individual's soul. He grew up surrounded by Muslim neighbors. He visits the temple where Guru Gobind Singh was assassinated and joins worshippers honouring the institution of the Guru Granth Sahib as the living guru. Little is known about the life of Nanak, but Sikh tradition has a much-loved set of stories or janam sakhis which relate various incidents from his life, and include many of his important teachings. During this period, he went on short journeys to the Nath yogi centre of Achal, and the Sufi centres of Pakpattan and Multan. The Life of Guru Nanak (Animated Stories) Posted by Gurumustuk Singh on Nov 7th, 2006 in Featured Articles, Videos | 31 comments. Macauliffe also notes that Baisakh (March–April) already saw a number of important festivals—such as Holi, Rama Navami, and Baisakhi—therefore people would be busy in agricultural activities after the harvest festival of Baisakhi. Bhai Gurdas, a scribe of the Guru Granth Sahib, also wrote about Nanak’s life in his vars (‘odes’), which were compiled some time after Nanak’s life, though are less detailed than the janamsakhis. Guru Nanak, the first Sikh guru, is the subject of this lesson. He was born in 1469 A.D. in a village named Talwandi in Lahore district of trade Punjab. Nanak from his very childhood showed a religious bent of mind and later preferred the company of Saints and Sadhus. In a letter, dated 27 October 1985, to the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of India, the Universal House of Justice stated that Guru Nanak was endowed with a “saintly character” and that he was: …inspired to reconcile the religions of Hinduism and Islám, the followers of which religions had been in violent conflict.… The Bahá’ís thus view Guru Nanak as a ‘saint of the highest order’. He was inspired by a powerful spiritual experience that gave him a vision of the true nature of God, and confirmed his idea that the way to spiritual growth was through meditation and through living in a way that reflected the presence of the divine within each human being. However, the anniversary of Nanak’s birth—the Gurpurab (guru + purab, ‘celebration’)—subsequently came to be celebrated on the full moon day of the Kartik month in November. It was Guru Nanak’s birthday on the 30 th Nov and for those who don’t know who he is, Guru Nanak is the founder of Sikh philosophy and first of the ten Sikh gurus. There may be several reasons for the adoption of the Kartik birthdate by the Sikh community. The hagiographical Janamsakhis were not written by Nanak, but by later followers without regard for historical accuracy, containing numerous legends and myths created to show respect for Nanak. Born into a Hindu family of a high […] Guru Nanak appointed Bhai Lehna as the successor Guru, renaming him as Guru Angad, meaning “one’s very own” or “part of you”. A brief overview of the life of Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh religion. Guru Nanak described living an “active, creative, and practical life” of “truthfulness, fidelity, self-control and purity” as being higher than the metaphysical truth. Peter Owen-Jones explores the Sikh faith in India, travelling to a festival in Nanded and explaining the origins of Sikhism in the conflict between Hinduism and Islam 300 years ago. Around the age of 55, Nanak settled in Kartarpur, living there until his death in September 1539. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. October–November. He was born in Punjab India (modern day Pakistan) and gave spiritual teachings based on the universal divinity of creation. Bhai Gurdas, having written on a full-moon-day of the Kartik month several decades after Nanak’s death, mentions that Nanak had “obtained omniscience” on the same day, and it was now the author’s turn to “get divine light.”. It is the opposite... […] Quran was written in the 7th century CE. In the Sikh perspective, the everyday world is part of an infinite reality, where increased spiritual awareness leads to increased and vibrant participation in the everyday world. Agape, Aquarius & the Star of Bethlehem: America’s Return to Hope – Astro-Insights Blog says: 1komma5grad-quellen – Matthias Ziemer Photography says: Earth’s Crisis and Evolution Series- Part 1 Finding Commonality in Religious and Spiritual Pathways – SacredFireofKnowledge says: Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), List of places named after Guru Nanak Dev, Agape, Aquarius & the Star of Bethlehem: America’s Return to Hope – Astro-Insights Blog, 1komma5grad-quellen – Matthias Ziemer Photography. The only janamsakhi that supports the Kartik birth tradition is that of Bhai Bala. Nanak’s words are registered in the form of 974 poetic hymns, or shabda, in the holy text of Sikhism, the Guru Granth Sahib, with some of the major prayers being the Japji Sahib (jap, ‘to recite’; ji and sahib are suffixes signifying respect); the Asa di Var (‘ballad of hope’); and the Sidh Gohst (‘discussion with the Siddhas’). Early Life of Guru Nanak Ji. His father, in particular, was the local patwari (accountant) for crop revenue in the village of Talwandi. Novel claims about his travels, as well as claims such as Guru Nanak’s body vanishing after his death, are also found in later versions and these are similar to the miracle stories in Sufi literature about their pirs. There are two competing theories on Guru Nanak’s teachings. Commentaries on his life give details of his blossoming awareness from a young age. Guru Nanak is considered the first Sikh Guru. The roots of the Sikh tradition are perhaps in the sant-tradition of India whose ideology grew to become the Bhakti tradition. Share with your friends. Read more. The Adi Granth and successive Sikh Gurus repeatedly emphasised, suggests Mandair (2013), that Sikhism is “not about hearing voices from God, but it is about changing the nature of the human mind, and anyone can achieve direct experience and spiritual perfection at any time.” Guru Nanak emphasised that all human beings can have direct access to God without rituals or priests. He fears none; he … They were married on 24 September 1487, in the town of Batala,:19 and would go on to have two sons, Sri Chand and Lakhmi Chand (or Lakhmi Das). Download the Adobe Flash player to view this content. One popular janamsakhi was allegedly written by a close companion of the Guru, Bhai Bala. Childhood & Early Life Guru Nanak was born on 15 April 1469, in Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī (present day Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan) near Lahore, into a Hindu family. He studied and debated with the learned men he met along the way and as his ideas took shape he began to teach a new route to spiritual fulfilment and the good life. As a child, Nanak went on to astound many with his intelligence and his interest towards divine subjects. Today someone forwarded me a link to a cool video which appears to be clay animation. Guru Nanak's birthday is … The first, according to Cole and Sambhi (1995, 1997), based on the hagiographical Janamsakhis, states that Nanak’s teachings and Sikhism were revelations from God, and not a social protest movement, nor an attempt to reconcile Hinduism and Islam in the 15th century. His family were Hindus, but Nanak soon showed an advanced interest in religion and studied Islam and Hinduism extensively. For example, Callewaert and Snell (1994) state that early Sikh texts do not contain such stories. He was born in 1469 in the village of Talwandi (now called Nankana) on the bank of the River Ravi in the state of Punjab. On the other hand, by the Kartik full moon day, the major Hindu festival of Diwali was already over, and the peasants—who had surplus cash from crop sales—were able to donate generously. He is not an incarnation of God, not even a prophet. Sikhism is still based on his teachings and those of the nine Sikh Gurus who followed him. As the first guru of Sikhism, Guru Nanak contributed a total of 974 hymns to the book. Nanak's religious ideas draw on both Hindu and Islamic thought, but are far more than just a synthesis. Waheguru Ji. WHO WAS GURU NANAK Born in 1469 in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan, Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the first guru and founder of Sikhism – the fifth largest religion in the world. Nanak was born about 40 miles from Lahore (now in Pakistan) in 1469. He wanted to engage his son in his business. The Sikh community leader Giani Sant Singh did not like this, thus starting a festival at the Sikh shrine of the Golden Temple on the same day, presenting it as the birth anniversary celebration of Guru Nanak. In 1496, although married and having a family, Nanak set out on a set of spiritual journeys through India, Tibet and Arabia that lasted nearly 30 years. Through popular tradition, Nanak’s teaching is understood to be practised in three ways: Nanak is considered the founder of Sikhism. The concept of man as elaborated by Guru Nanak, states Mandair (2009), refines and negates the “monotheistic concept of self/God,” where “monotheism becomes almost redundant in the movement and crossings of love.” The goal of man, taught the Sikh Gurus, is to end all dualities of “self and other, I and not-I,” attaining the “attendant balance of separation-fusion, self-other, action-inaction, attachment-detachment, in the course of daily life.”. With this concept, he would set up a unique spiritual, social, and political platform based on equality, fraternal love, goodness, and virtue. He was appointed as the village accountant. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. It is part of Sikh religious belief that the spirit of Nanak’s sanctity, divinity, and religious authority had descended upon each of the nine subsequent Gurus when the Guruship was devolved on to them. A young Sikh boy lights a candle at the Golden Temple, illuminated in the pre-dawn hours during the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak, the first Sikh guru, in Amritsar, India, on Nov. 17, 2013. Nanak’s teachings can be found in the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib, as a collection of verses recorded in Gurmukhi. This further suggests that he was born in the month of Baisakh (April), not Kartik (November). Thank You for reading all the stories. “Guru Nanak: The Founder of Sikhism, Life, and Legacy” Documentary Many Sikhs believe that Guru Nanak’s message was divinely revealed, as his own words in Guru Granth Sahib state that his teachings are as he has received them from the Creator Himself. To recapitulate what has been more fully stated in the Introduction, Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh religion, was born, according to all ancient Sikh records, in the early morning of the third day of the light half of the month of Baisakh (April-May) in the year A.D. 1469; but for convenience sake his anniversary is now observed by the Sikhs on the occasion of the full moon in the month of Kartik (October-November). Another source of dispute has been the Baghdad stone inscription in a Turkish script, which some interpret saying Baba Nanak Fakir was there in 1511–1512, while some state 1521–1522 (and that he lived in the Middle East for 11 years away from his family). My hearty wishes of Gurpurab to the person reading this. Moreover, beyond the stone, no evidence or mention of Guru Nanak’s journey in the Middle East has been found in any other Middle Eastern textual or epigraphical records. He discusses key beliefs in the one God and their rejection of caste. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. If you have any suggestions, questions or need help please feel free to contact us. The Baghdad inscription remains the basis of writing by Indian scholars that Guru Nanak journeyed in the Middle East, with some claiming he visited Jerusalem, Mecca, Vatican, Azerbaijan and Sudan. Nanak was born on 15 April 1469 at Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī village (present-day Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan) in the Lahore province of the Delhi Sultanate, although according to one tradition, he was born in the Hindu month of Kartik (November; known later as Katak in Sikhism). October–November. Many modern historians give weight to his teachings’ linkage with the pre-existing bhakti, sant, and wali of South Asian/Islamic tradition. […] and nurturing maternal energy associated with great mother figures such... ... [Trackback] [...] Read More Infos here: slife.org/ethics-in-religion/ [...], […] https://www.discovermongolia.mn/about-mongolia/culture-art-history/religion-in-mongolia https://slife.org/mongolian-shamanism/ https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-religions-are-practiced-in-mongolia.html […], ... [Trackback] [...] Find More Informations here: slife.org/western-slang-lingo-and-phrases/ [...], ... [Trackback] [...] Read More: slife.org/mens-rights-movement/ [...]. His most radical social teachings denounced the caste system and taught that everyone is equal, regardless of caste or gender. Most janamsakhis (ਜਨਮਸਾਖੀ, ‘birth stories’)—the traditional biographies of Nanak—mention that he was born on the third day of the bright lunar fortnight, in the Baisakh month (April) of Samvat 1526. Guru Nanak was yet another great saint of medieval India. According to Max Arthur Macauliffe (1909), a Hindu festival held in the 19th century on Kartik Purnima in Amritsar attracted a large number of Sikhs. Sikhism was founded by a wise man called Guru Nanak. However, some historians do not see evidence of Sikhism as simply an extension of the Bhakti movement. Guru Nanak (1469-1539) was one of the greatest religious innovators of all time and the founder of the Sikh religion. Notable lore recounts that, as a child, Nanak astonished his teacher by describing the implicit symbolism of the first letter of the alphabet, resembling the mathematical version of one, as denoting the unity or oneness of God. Sikhism - Sikhism - Guru Nanak: A member of the Khatri (trading) caste and far from illiterate, Nanak was not a typical Sant, yet he experienced the same spirit of God in everything outside him and everything within him as did others in the movement he founded. Nanak, (born April 15, 1469, Rai Bhoi di Talvandi [now Nankana Sahib, Pakistan], near Lahore, India—died 1539, Kartarpur, Punjab), Indian spiritual teacher who was the first Guru of the Sikhs, a monotheistic religious group that combines Hindu and Muslim influences. These stories became widely popular in the 19th and 20th century, and exist in many versions. Nanak is said to have travelled far and wide across Asia teaching people the message of ik onkar, who dwells in every one of his creations and constitutes the eternal Truth. “Ik Onkar” – One God. Guru Nanak was born in 1469, his parents were Hindu but from an early age he questionned religion and spent a lot of time meditating (even when he was meant to … He considered everyone to be equal, regardless of the gender, caste, race, religion, social or … Nanaki, Nanak’s one and only sister, was five years older than him. The critical event of his life in Sultanpur, in which he returned after three days with enlightenment, also supports this belief. The last part of his life was spent at Kartarpur in the Punjab, where he was joined by many disciples attracted by his teachings. According to Singha (2009): Sikhism does not subscribe to the theory of incarnation or the concept of prophethood. Guru Nanak's birthday is celebrated by Sikhs on April 14th by the Nanakshahi calendar. Guru Nanak made four great Spiritual journeys, traveling to all parts of India, Sri Lanka, Arabia and Persia. Some of the stories about Guru Nanak’s extensive travels first appear in the 19th-century Puratan janamsakhi, though even this version does not mention Nanak’s travel to Baghdad. 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