epistemic virtues examples

The book reveals epistemic injustice as a potent yet largely silent dimension of discrimination, analyses the wrong it perpetrates, and constructs two hybrid ethical-intellectual virtues of epistemic justice which aim to forestall it. In section one, I suggested that our examination of these phenomena of epistemic akrasia lends support to the view that effective cognition depended upon possessions of states such as virtues, enduring states of character with a role in regulating inquiries and ensuring their success. Here, for instance, is Ernest Sosa, who outlined an early and influential version of virtue epistemology that took this form: For example, it may be one's faculty of sight operating in good light that gener ates one's belief in the whiteness and roundness of a facing snowball. versions of virtue epistemology focus almost exclusively on the epistemic virtues, that is, on traits that lead cognizers to truth. Their arguments rest on their answers to the Preface Paradox and an epistemic version of the Lottery Paradox. In it, the sun, moon A virtue, roughly, is a relatively stable character trait—like honesty, generosity, or compassion. In this paper, I will examine a purely epistemic version of the Lottery Synthese 109: 121-141, 1996. ? Modesty can seem to be, asSorensen (1988) puts it, a kind of ethical blindspot: If you have ityou won’t know it (and if you seem to know you have it, youprobably don’t really!) It seems as though knowing thatyou’re modest somehow spoils it; the modest person, it seems,must be unaware of their own modesty. Being an epistemically virtuous person is often equated with being a critical thinker and focuses on the human agent and the kind of practices that make it possible to arrive at the best accessible approximation of the truth. the virtues of believing consistently. Should they follow the traditional geocentric system of Ptolemy? The feature of modesty and humility that has most captivatedphilosophers is its elusive nature. They are the interface between morality and epistemology (the study of knowledge and knowing). These are the best studied virtues in virtue epistemology. Examples of virtues that are considered to be intellectual or epistemic … Epistemic Justice as a Virtue in Hermeneutic Psychotherapy Abstract The value turn in epistemology generated a particularly influential new position – virtue epistemology. Some of them involve moral character as well as epistemic character. Imagine, for instance, the reporter who enters a dangerous war-zone in order to under - … 1996 Kluwer Academic Publishers. At first glance, this example is a problem for Sosa-style virtue epistemology. A virtue is a behavior showing high moral standards. And there are many examples of them. Epistemic virtues are the morals we ascribe to securing knowledge. Moral and Epistemic Virtues Moral and Epistemic Virtues Brady, Michael S.; Pritchard, Duncan 2003-01-01 00:00:00 The past thirty years have seen a revival of interest in the moral virtues, which has been motivated, to a large extent, by dissatisfaction with consequentialist and Kantian approaches to normative moral theory. I argue that structural active ignorance can be corrected only by developing epistemic virtues such as epistemic humility, curiosity/diligence, and open-mindedness. This means that the virtue concerns critical thinking and the pursuit of the truth. One source of dissatisfaction is the seemingly intractable … De Bruin (2013) gives the example of epistemic courage as compared with non-epistemic courage. Drawing on work from a virtue epistemology perspective, this paper outlines the idea of a set of epistemic vices permeating organizations, along with examples of unethical epistemic … Printed in the Netherlands. Examples of human intellectual virtues are sight, hearing, introspection, memory, deduction and induction (Greco, John. Thus suppose we think of intellectual virtues as reliable powers, and we think of knowledge as true belief grounded in such powers. This group exploration will examine two major kinds of epistemic virtues that have developed in the history of science. Virtue Epistemology: Essays in Epistemic Virtue and Responsibility - Ebook written by Abrol Fairweather, Linda Zagzebski. I VIRTUE EPISTEMOLOGY AND CONTEXTUALISM. Focusing on racial and sexual oppression and their interrelation, chapter 1 provides an analysis of active ignorance and of three epistemic vices that support it: epistemic arrogance, laziness, and closed-mindedness. For example, suppose Roddy looks into a field and sees a sheep‐shaped object. These can be contrasted to the epistemic vices such as: closed-mindedness; curiosity [see below] dogmatism; epistemic blindness; folly; gullibility; intellectual dishonesty; obtuseness; self-deception; superficiality of thought; superstition; willful naïveté; wishful thinking Controversial or borderline candidates for being epistemic virtues, for various reasons, are a good memory, sociability, and the capacity to acquire languages. To borrow Roberts and Wood’s example, Dr. Frankenstein’s pursuit of scientific knowledge might, under some circumstances, seem to exemplify a virtuous love of knowledge, but Shelley makes it clear that Dr. Frankenstein’s pursuit of knowledge is obsessive, ignorant of its effects, unmediated by other intellectual virtues like humility and moderation, and thus vicious in the extreme (Epistemic Virtues 182-83). The Classic Example: Ptolemy versus Copernicus A celebrated example has long figured prominently in the epistemic virtues literature. 2. A major motivation for applying virtue theory to the theory of knowledge is that the position explains a wide range of our pretheoretical intuitions about who knows and who does not. Corresponding to the two forms of epistemic injustice, Fricker identifies two different character traits and calls them the virtue of testimonial justice, and the virtue of hermeneutical justice. It is an increasingly influential epistemological normative approach that opts for the intellectual virtues of the epistemic agent, (broadly, Aristotelian) virtues of the agent than on her "faculties." The fact that knowing about your own modesty seems to spoil itsuggests what seems, to some at least, to be a troub… Epistemic virtues and vices also typically apply to differ - ent actions than non-epistemic virtues and vices. This would explain why beliefs caused by clear vision, mathematical intuition, and reliable inductive reasoning typically have positive epistemic value, and why beliefs caused by wishful thinking, superstiti… Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Virtue Epistemology: Essays in Epistemic Virtue and Responsibility. The person in question possesses an intellectual virtue: he or she is competent perceptually, and is using this competence in conditions that are appropriate for its exercise. But, since virtue epistemology is typically understood as analogous to virtue ethics, it is also reasonable to explore the potential role of epistemic vice in virtue epistemology. In chapter one, Medina claims that three important epistemic virtues that we should try to develop are: humility, curiosity/diligence and open mindedness, in contrast to the epistemic vices of arrogance, laziness, and close-mindedness (42). The proximate goal is, to be fair to all opinions, but the ultimate goal is truth. Very general traits of cognitive character having to do with belief fixation are sometimes mentioned as epistemic virtues. A certain conception of the relevance of virtue epistemology to the philosophy of education is set out. I argue that the notion of reflective epistemic luck raises important questions about the centrality to epistemology of a conception of justification that demands that one is able to take cognitive responsibility for one’s beliefs. Studied virtues in virtue epistemology and CONTEXTUALISM compared with non-epistemic courage belief grounded in such powers interface! Between morality and epistemology ( the study of knowledge as true belief grounded such. Competing celestial systems morality and epistemology ( the study of knowledge and knowing ) hearing... Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices Essays... 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