0.6 ± 0.0 a Fruit pulp could be exploited to produce more health-promoting natural sweeteners and pectins for industrial use. The predominant species were identified as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Issatchenkia orientalis, Pichia fabianii and Aureobasidium pullulans. In this study, different storage temperatures and durations were evaluated to determine the appropriate storage conditions of fresh fruits of Z. mauritiana. Diets rich in potassium may help to maintain healthy blood pressure. Indigenous communities in Namibia possess a rich indigenous knowledge expressed within many practices of these communities. The genetic diversity of population 1 (Rajasthan) was the richest among all the seven populations. In one area horticulture, off-farm activities and exotic fruits are a major source of income while in the other area indigenous fruits are a more important source of income. 0.9 ± 0.4 a Antioxidant activity varied in dose-dependent manner with IC50 values for DPPH scavenging of the freeze-dried fruit juice extracts from Cap-Bon, Kef and Sidi Bouzid were 38.6 ± 0.2, 50.1 ± 0.7, and 50.7 ± 0.2 µg/mL, respectively. Our results revealed that Z. mauritiana fruits are mainly sold for cash, brewed into alcoholic beverage and barter traded against various commodities. The TPC found in the methanol extracts of A. dioica and O. alismoides fruits were 146.710 ± 2.807 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g DE and 93.860 ± 1.172 mg GAE/g DE, respectively, while the TFC was found to be 72.510 ± 8.833 mg quercetin equivalents (QE)/g DE in A. dioica fruit and 43.270 ± 5.361 mg QE/g DE in O. alismoides fruit. In some species, genetic variation in nutritive value has been reported, but in most species there is still inadequate information on which to base programmes for the genetic improvement of these species. India is the storehouse for many such fruits which are of immense importance in providing a wide range of health benefits. The addition of PSs to CSH significantly improved the growth rate, yield, biological efficiency, and proximate composition and shortened the cultivation cycle. Vitamin C contents of citrus fruits and their product: A review. 4. The physicochemical data indicated that juices and jams are rich sources of zinc, copper and phosphorus. They frequently resort to food from natural resources such as indigenous fruits during times of crisis. However, not all fruits are created equal. We selected 14 robust nSSR markers for further analysis of 117 Z. mauritiana accessions from four countries (45 from China, 39 from Vietnam, 25 from Pakistan and 8 from Myanmar). ), and different flavored should be encouraged to get maximum health benefits. The correlation between the functional and chemical properties of U. kirkiana fruit pulp was studied. For iron, fruit weight and polyunsatu-rated fatty acids (PUFA), the contents varied between 7.01 ± 0.15 to 17.24 ± 0.74 mg kg-1 of fruit, 4.91 ± 1.58 to 6.76 ± 2.04 g and 56.34 ± 1.37 to 68.18 ± 0.14% of lipid, respectively. The drying process condenses nutrients in the fruit. The baobab seed and pulp were analyzed for proximate composition, mineral content, and amino acid composition. Weak inverse associations between vitamin E and beta-carotene intake and IP risk were found. Intensive efforts are being made to assess the erosive potential for teeth because of the beverages' acidity (1, 2); adverse effects secondary to high caffeine intake (e.g., hypertension, allergic reactions, gastrointestinal disturbances) (3 - 5); and adverse effects on calcium metabolism due to their high phosphoric acid content, which combined with low dietary calcium intake could increase the risk of suffering from bone diseases (6 - 9). The fruits are rich in vitamin C and can be made into fruit powder, fruit slices, juice and jam for the local market. The study was conducted between the years of 2012 and 2016, and the fruits were collected from the individual trees in the urban area of Boa Vista city, Roraima sate, Brazil, and analyzed at 7-day interval after the anthesis (DAA). Avocados come in hundreds of different varieties. 0.8 ± 0.0 b The highest carcass total protein and the lowest moisture and lipid contents were observed in fish fed ZLP at 20 g/kg as compared to the control, while the lowest ash content was observed in fish fed ZLP at 10 g/kg. Most Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains were superior to other species in ethanol production. Giving your child fruit juice is the best way to sneak fruits into your kid’s diet. The gut microbiota is an important contributor to human health. The current study is about the effect of gamma irradiation on the quality attributes of Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Indigenous people’s perception on declining indigenous fruits revealed that 56.3%; of the respondents reported that indigenous fruits were declining. The availability of such food sources is increasingly at risk due to deforestation and biodiversity loss. The yeast species originally isolated from Ziziphus mauritiana (masau) fruits and their traditionally fermented fruit pulp in Zimbabwe were examined for their ability to ferment glucose and fructose using standard broth under aerated and non-aerated conditions. In contrast to the Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) that is native to the temperate regions of China (Liu et al. Citrus fruits are not only flavorful and pretty — they’re also good for you, offering several health benefits. Most of the consumers around the world are now conscious of eating healthy to maintain a relatively disease-free lifespan. The nutritional value of many wild fruits compared well with domesticated popular fruits as mango, banana, guava, papaya, sapota, pomegranate, strawberry etc. 4 a 1.0 ± 0.2 a 1.5 ± 0.0 a 0.7 ± 0.0 a Sweet 2006 160.0 ± 0.3 c 85 The chemical composition of selected indigenous fruits of Botswana. Pre‐drying procedures are divided into chemical and non‐chemical treatments. Edible wild species available during the wet season generally were inferior in energy and micronutrient mineral content compared to dry season plants. Ber fruit is normally eaten fresh are highly nutritious, rich in ascorbic acid, carbohydrates and contain fairly good amount of vitamin A and B complex, minerals like calcium, phosphorus and iron. 148.0 ± 0.5 a 238.0 ± 0.1 a The quality of Jujube or Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.) This paper reviews published data on the nutritive values of the flesh, kernels and seedoils of the seventeen fruit tree species that have been identified, in four ecoregions of the tropics, by subsistence farmers as their top priorities for domestication. Z. mauritiana is a multipurpose tree species used as an edible fruit, ... Z. mauritiana is a multipurpose tree species used as an edible fruit (Nyanga et al. Fruits from the selected genotypes were assessed based on fruit weight, fruit length, seed weight, seed length, seed diameter, fruit pulp weight and total soluble solids (TSS). Adding dragon fruit to your diet can help you fight these ailments. Sugars at low and high concentrations as compounds modifying plant tissue properties are thoroughly discussed. Amino acid analyses revealed high glutamic and aspartic acid contents and the sulfur-containing amino acids as being the most limited amino acid. 5. Due to the anti-microbial properties of star fruit, it is also used by people to treat sore eyes. Conclusions In Brazil, it is an exotic and endemic fruit specie, brought by the colonizers in the 18th century to the state of Roraima, Brazil. The combination of pasteurization and chemical preservation increased shelf life of the juices to 90 days. Dragon fruit is a good source of magnesium, iron, and vitamin D. Even the seeds are healthy, as they add a dose of heart healthy omega-3 and omega-9 … Pulp yield had a weak positive correlation with dry matter, Ca, K, and Zn content. These three compounds are all helpful in cleanse the blood, and as an help to digestion. Based on the quality of the fruits juices and stability exhibited, there is a great potential for indigenous fruits for juice making. Potential fruit species from arid region are reviewed in context with their nutrient contents. The total phenolic content of the bark was the highest when compared to the root. Juice-based diets are becoming popular. The leaves of the plant were irradiated at the dose levels of 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0 and 12.5 kGy. The production parameters, physical characteristics, nutritional values, and antioxidant activity of mushrooms cultivated on different substrate mixtures were determined. 194.0 ± 0.2 d @JASEM. The seed oil and protein were evaluated for their fatty acid profile and protein solubility. Vangueria madagascariensis J. F. Gmel. Local people have recognized the unsustainable use of natural resources and have begun planting activities in order to ensure that ecosystem services derived from miombo woodlands are available for future generations. Titratable acidity and pH had a variability of 69% and 74%. methods (2nd ed., Vol. S. cerevisiae and I. orientalis were predominant in the fermented fruit pulp but were not detected in the unripe fruits. Acidity was highest in A.digitata (22.7 g/kg) and lowest in U.kirkiana (0.5 g/kg) (P > 0.05). 1.1 ± 0.0 c These could have probiotic properties. 0.9 ± 0.0 b Pulp yield had a weak positive correlation with dry matter, Ca, K, and Zn content. As kids grow up, they become extremely picky about their eating habits. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans advise that we eat a diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables. The analysis included physical analysis (diameter and fresh weight), chemical analysis (pH, total acidity, soluble solids, total sugars, reducing sugars, starch, total pectin, soluble pectin, pectin methylesterase and polygalacturonase enzymes), antioxidant activity (phenolic compounds, anthocyanins, flavones, flavonols, carotenoids, ascorbic acid, ORAC and DPPH), and pattern of respiration (CO2 and ethylene). Yup. The fatty acid profile showed that oleic and linoleic were the major unsaturated fatty acids, whereas palmitic was the major saturated acid. Aporosa dioica (Roxb.) 1.1 ± 0.0 c Alcohols and esters were the major volatiles detected in the fermented juice. Assess the impact of drying techniques on monkey orange product quality and determine options for improvement that fit local conditions Organoleptic attributes, physico-chemical properties were carried out for the processed jams. Regarding to the indigenous knowledge; 87%; of the respondents indicated that their knowledge on indigenous fruits was learnt mainly through their parent. Potassium ranged from 1038.3 in A. digitata to 1758.0 mg/kg in V. mombassae. Meanwhile, methanol extract exhibited higher DPPH free radical scavenging potential (IC50 = 0.11 mg/mL) and antimicrobial (antibacterial and antifungal) activity among others. The fruit itself is technically a berry containing … Moreover, due to the phenolic composition of the fruit, it is used for treatment of certain diseases like diabetes (Memon et al., 2012a). Cultivation on PSs alone increased the amino acid content in P. ostreatus fruiting bodies and the antioxidant activity of mushroom extracts. Perilla is an edible medical plant with rapidly increasing acreage in China. 185.0 ± 0.1 b Vangueria madagascariensis is used as a herbal medicine against diabetes, gastrointestinal problems, malaria, pain, parasitic worms, and skin diseases. In this regard, research should focus on how to tap into health benefits of oils from IFBTs seeds. Fresh fruits are naturally sweet and pack huge nutritional benefits as well. ), Characterisation of probiotic properties of LAB strains from emahewu - sorghum based non alcoholic beverage, Antioxidant and Prebiotic activity of edible wild plants. Aerobic and anaerobic mechanisms are mainly responsible for the destruction of vitamin C in processed products. Fruits commonly eaten by children were poor sources of protein and minerals but rich in carbohydrate and fiber. Fruit is the sweet, fleshy, edible part of a plant. AOAC (1990). This review summarizes the ethnomedicinal use, the phytochemical constituents and the bioactivity of wild edible fruits commonly consumed in Burkina Faso. indigenous fruits of Botswana. 2416.0 ± 1.3 e Examples of community-based projects dependent on fruit from IFBTs are given. ], were carried out from October 2009 through June 2010 in east Shewa Zone, Ethiopia. The vitamin C content in mg/100g fresh sample were: 67.7 (V. infausta)- 141.3 (A. digitata). 0.7 ± 0.0 b Composite fruit samples randomly collected in six sites of Fantalle and Boosast districts were subjected to standard laboratory chemical analyses. The fruit can be consumed just by itself or in the form of shakes, smoothies, deserts and ice cream. It also cures constipation when used in dry form. Plant based food products and medicines are given more consideration for their efficacy, safety and synergistic effects. Higher FRAP value of 106.583 ± 5.204 μM trolox equivalent (TE)/g dry extract (DE) was found in the methanol extract of A. dioica fruit compared to that of O. alismoides fruit (44.083 ± 7.637 μM TE/g DE). S. cerevisiae, I. orientalis, P. fabianii and S. fibuligera are fermentative yeasts and these might be used in the future development of starter cultures to produce better quality fermented products from masau fruit. 2013), for medical value (Akhtar et al. It has been reported that the Ca, Mg and K have essential roles in bone, heart, muscle, nerve and immune systems maintenance, ... During the final period, at 70 DAA, the fruit showed a slight decrease in fresh weight and hence the pulp (10.18 g), because of the abscission process (Fig. Malnutrition causes derangements in the immune system, thereby increasing susceptibility to and severity of infections among the affected population. However, there is a lack of scientific evidence of their health benefits. Overall, E. coli was noted to be the most resistant microbial strain against all the tested extracts. Official Analytical Chemists. In total, 137 alleles were detected and DNA fingerprints for each accession were constructed. The paper concludes that diversified season-specific income generating portfolios must be designed of which indigenous fruit trees have a role to play. Antioxidant activity (AOA), Cu, vitamin C, total titrata-ble acid (TTA), and Mg had a positive variance in PC 1. This indicates low diversity in the maternal lineage of tested Z. mauritiana germplasm. Fruit pulp yields were determined and analyzed for total soluble solids, acidity, minerals, vitamin C and β-carotene. The reducing sugar and protein content of BAU Kul were 1.68 and 0.81% by weight, respectively. The genetic relationship of Z. mauritiana germplasms was generally consistent with their geographical origin, and low diversity in the maternal lineage was revealed. This beneficiation and value addition of products from IFBTs over and above contributing to the enhancement of household food security and the rural economy would translate into increased community-based sustainable utilisation and conservation of IFBTs. The largest tree fruit in the world, jackfruit -- sometimes called "jak fruit" or "jak" -- can be up to 3 feet long and 20 inches wide. Copyright 2013 Bio Innovation Zimbabwe | site lovingly crafted by. Nutritional properties, phytochemical screening, total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) were investigated employing standard methods. There are many health benefits to be gotten from fruit. 2.7 ± 0.0 c Predominant phenolics found in Ber relates to its major antioxidant activity, reducing power activity and scavenging of free radical activity. Their production and consumption provides a dietary supplement as well as commercial opportunity. They are well-known as the basis for a traditional distilled alcoholic beverage called kachasu. Malnutrition is not restricted to undernutrition as in the urban areas the adoption of diets rich in carbohydrates and fats also poses health problems associated with obesity. is a plant species regarded as an important fruit tree and medicinal plant in sub-Saharan Africa. Nutritional Values of Fruits and Vegetables: Macronutrients, Micronutrients, and Composition. Rich in vitamin C, this fruit becomes a great … Jackfruit is a sweet, delicious and exotic fruit that is packed with many nutrients and benefits. In conclusion, BAU Kul is a nutritious fruit that provides good antioxidant and antibacterial activities (in particular towards P. Aeruginosa) and a cheap source of vitamins. Fruits and veggies provide the nutrients you need to help maintain your overall health — and your cardiovascular health in particular. Indigenous wild edible fruits are available along the Namibian 13 regions of which it forms a rich source of vitamins, fibres, minerals and a heterogeneous collection of bioactive compounds referred to as phytochemicals for indigenous people’s diet. with the lowest solubility at pH 4.0. 1865.0 ± 1.3 c Fruits are sources of many essential nutrients that are under-consumed, including potassium, dietary fibre, vitamin C, and folate (folic acid). nkey orange fruit The phytochemicals have biological and pharmacological activities that mitigate some of the physiological effects of malnutrition. The correlation between the functional and chemical properties of U. kirkiana fruit pulp was studied. Variability in the vitamin C (ascorbic acid) contents of citrus fruit and their products is influenced by variety, cultural practice, maturity, climate, fresh fruit handling, processing factors, packaging, and storage conditions. VI). Very little information is documented on the composition of these fruits.This study was undertaken to provide this information. Our research provides reliable marker resources for cultivar authentication and new insights into the genetic diversity, polyploidization and domestication of Z. mauritiana. Methods The results provide useful data about relationship, chemical composition variation of U. kirkiana fruit pulp obtained at the different regions of Zimbabwe. Radiation processing has been valuably used for microbial decontamination and value addition of the plant materials. The ascorbic acid content in Masau (Z. mauritiana) from Zimbabwe was lower (15.0 to 43.8 ± 0.02 mg/100 g), ... mauritiana) (15.00 ± 0.00-43.8 ± 0.02 mg/100 g) from the Zambezi Valley in Zimbabwe, ... High fibre foods start to gain much attention in the industrial world, due to its, ... IFBTs contribute significantly to the food security and well being of communities where the local people often rely heavily on the IFBTs particularly in times of drought or crop failure (Falconer, 1990). The intestinal mucosal folds, heights, widths, area and perimeter of the villi and thickness of muscular layers were significantly (P<0.05) higher in groups fed with ZLP, which was confirmed by using scanning electron microscopy.Thus, ZLP can be used effectively in tilapia diets for improving the growth and intestinal health. Phosphorus and TTA had significant effect (p < 0.01; p < 0.05) on pulp yield. There is an increasing interest in the chemical composition of these traditionally used. Vitamin C content in the fruit pulps ranged from 201.19 to 404.55 mg kg-1 in S. birrea and V. mombassae, respectively. Both the kernel and the pulp contain substantial quantities of calcium, potassium, and magnesium. Yeasts, yeast-like fungi, and lactic acid bacteria present on the unripe, ripe and dried fruits, and in the fermented masau fruits collected from Muzarabani district in Zimbabwe were isolated and identified using physiological and molecular methods. Genetic variation and relationships among 37 cultivars of Ziziphus mauritiana (Lamk.) 85.0 ± 0.2 b Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. In order for Z. mauritiana to better contribute to mitigating poverty and land degradation in the marginalised areas of the Lower Zambezi Valley, research aimed at improving the quality and yield of Z. mauritiana, and development of programmes aimed at domesticating the species, should be promoted. Regarding to the management practices to improve the production of these indigenous fruit trees; 38.6%; reported that there are some efforts on management practices; on the other hand 61.4%; reported there are no management practices on the indigenous fruit trees in their areas. The β-carotene ranged from 0.00 in A. digitata to 11.63 μg/100 g in U. kirkiana. Relevant information on food and medicinal uses of the species was collected from electronic databases such as ISI Web of Knowledge, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, OATD, Scopus, OpenThesis, PubMed, and Google Scholar, and preelectronic literatures were obtained from the university library covering the period 1966 to 2018. The highest level of phenolic and flavonoid contents was recorded for the fruit juice from the Cap-Bon region, with 106.4 ± 0.4 mg GAE/g and 6.5 ± 0.2 mg QE/g, respectively. Phosphorus and AOA were positively correlated. 2014;Panseeta et al. 3. 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